What Causes Meibomian Gland Dysfunction?
Dealing with Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD) can be frustrating, but understanding its causes can help you find the best treatment option. At Arena Eye Care Optometry in Sacramento, our optometrists can diagnose and treat MGD. But first, it's essential to have a detailed understanding of what causes it.
At age 50 most people experience some Meibomian Gland Dysfunction due to the naturally occurring wear and tear associated with time. Such individuals tend to have dry eye symptoms and may require artificial tears to feel better. An eye exam can quickly establish whether you are suffering from MGD while at the same time ensuring your ocular health is in proper condition.
It's now obvious that most lifestyle habits and choices can also cause MGD. For instance, spending too much time in front of a computer screen or participating in other activities requiring excessive visual concentration can contribute to MGD. In addition, contact lens users tend to suffer from MGD more often due to the disruption of natural tear production caused by wearing lenses.
Changes in Hormones
MGD is often linked to hormonal changes such as those experienced during menopause or pregnancy. These hormonal fluctuations alter oil production within the glands, decreasing the quality and quantity of tears. However, optometry services are needed to establish the level of Meibomian gland dysfunction and how hormonal changes have contributed to it.
A dry environment is not conducive to general healthy tear production and ocular health. Environmental stress, such as wind, dust, or humidity, can cause MGD. Therefore, if you live in a particularly dry area, it is important to schedule an eye exam with an eye doctor to assess your ocular health. You can also ensure a proper environment for healthy tear production.
Most people who have been diagnosed with MGD also have a genetic predisposition to the disorder. Therefore, an optometrist should check your eyes regularly if a family history or genetic condition has been linked to Meibomian Gland Dysfunction.
Diseases and Medications
Certain illnesses like lupus, diabetes, and thyroid disease can lead to Meibomian Gland Disfunction due to their connection with dry eye symptoms. In addition, certain medications like antihistamines and antidepressants can also cause MGD by reducing tear production. Getting an eye exam from an optometrist can help you determine if any of these conditions are the source of your MGD.
Talk with an Experienced Eye Doctor for MGD Treatment
If you're experiencing dry eye symptoms, getting an accurate diagnosis from a professional optometrist is important. Our expert optometrists Dr. Krister L. Holmberg and Dr. Shephali Patel at Arena Eye Care Optometry in Sacramento can identify and diagnose MGD and provide treatment options to help relieve your symptoms. Contact us today at (916) 419-8167 or go to ArenaEyeCare.com to book an appointment and get the relief you need.